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The Rape of Nanking: A Brutal Chapter in World History

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The Rape of Nanking: A Brutal Chapter in World History

 In The Raping Of Nanking annals of human history, there are moments that stand out for their sheer brutality and inhumanity. The Rape of Nanking, a six-week rampage of mass murder and sexual violence committed by the Imperial Japanese Army against the Chinese civilian population of Nanjing, is one such instance.

Background to the Massacre

The Second Sino-Japanese War, which began in 1937, was a conflict between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan. The war was largely driven by Japan’s desire to expand its empire and control resources in China.

In December 1937, after a prolonged battle, the Japanese forces captured Nanjing, the capital of China at the time. The fall of Nanjing marked a significant turning point in the war, as it gave Japan control of a key strategic location and boosted its morale.

The Rampage of Violence

The Japanese soldiers, emboldened by their victory, unleashed a reign of terror upon the defenseless civilians of Nanjing. The massacre began on December 13, 1937, and continued for six weeks until the end of January 1938.

The Japanese soldiers engaged in indiscriminate killings, often using bayonets, machine guns, and other weapons to massacre unarmed civilians.

The Rape of Nanking was not just a random act of violence; it was a deliberate and systematic strategy employed by the Japanese military to terrorize and demoralize the Chinese people. The Japanese soldiers were ordered to show no mercy and to instill fear in the civilian population.

The International Response

The Rape of Nanking was a shocking event that horrified the world. The Western powers, preoccupied with the looming threat of World War II, were hesitant to confront Japan directly.

The Legacy of the Massacre

The Rape of Nanking remains a deeply painful and controversial chapter in Sino-Japanese relations.

In recent years, there has been a growing international movement to recognize the Rape of Nanking as a crime against humanity. In 2014, the U.S. Congress passed a resolution condemning the massacre, and in 2015, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) inscribed the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall on its World Heritage List the raping of nanking.


The Rape of Nanking was a horrific act of violence that stands as a stark reminder of the depths of human cruelty. The memory of the massacre serves as a call for vigilance against all forms of intolerance and violence.

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